Well, the thing about countries like mine and (probably) Bosnia too, is that a lot of people are one or two generations away, tops, from the countryside. I don't want to speak for Bosnia, maybe Symod can weigh in here, but that's the problem here. For instance, I'm one of the few people that I know whose four grandparents are from cities and not villages. But even then, both my grandparents from my mother's side pretty much lived on a farm-like house on the outskirts of a small town. Had pigs, chickens, all of that shit.
What I'm trying to say is, most kids my age here grew up in a world where having a pig and slaughtering it for Christmas was not only acceptable, but tradition. If they didn't do it at home, they did it while visiting their grandparents. The dog, to a lot of these people, is supposed to be chained up somewhere to "protect the property" and be thrown garbage at from time to time instead of food. It's an object in their eyes. The horse even more so. Dude, don't ever visit Romania, once you'll see the gypsies with their carriages and the painfully skinny, underweight horses they don't feed and whip like crazy, you'll feel like taking a shotgun and going on a killing spree.
So yeah, we're very, very far behind as a society, especially about stuff like religion and animal cruelty. Having said that, there's still a considerable amount of people who love animals, who do treat animals like they're part of family (my grandma sleeps with her dog in the same room, for instance, and she comes from a generation of people who would consider that filthy and wrong). Most of my friends are animal lovers as well. So on and so forth.
To say that people don't care about animals in these countries, as if all of us were like this while the rest of Western Europe was perfect in that regard, is simply untrue. People are people, some good, most bad. I think your opinion and compassion for animals is directly related to what you are like as a person. If you're a piece of shit, you're gonna be a piece of shit who abuses his dog no matter where you live -- it's just a matter of whether you'll go to jail for it or not. And if it's socially acceptable or not. But the root of the problem, the evilness and lack of compassion in so many people, is still there.
Anyway, if that's not what you meant, fine. It's just that jokes are one thing, unfair generalizations are a whole other thing. I got triggered, yo. Das ist mir wurst.